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Pastos y Forrajes

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0394versión On-line ISSN 2078-8452

Resumen

OLIVERA-CASTRO, Yuseika et al. Characterization of the floristic composition of the pastureland in the cattle area in a farm of Florianópolis - SC, Brazil. Pastos y Forrajes [online]. 2020, vol.43, n.3, pp.229-234. ISSN 0864-0394.

Objective

To characterize the floristic composition of the pasturelands, after two years and a half of applying different doses of calcareous, phosphoric and potassium fertilizers in the cattle area in a farm of Florianópolis - SC, Brazil.

Materials and Methods

The research was conducted in the cattle area belonging to the Ressacada farm, of the Federal University of Santa Catarina. The treatments were 12, in which different doses of calcareous, phosphoric and potassium fertilization were used. For such purpose, the method of the square meter frame was used, which was replicated four times in each treatment.

Results

The presence of 19 families with a wide diversity and 64 species, most of them herbaceous, was identified. In general, almost all the families were present in the paddocks. Those of higher representativeness were Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Fabaceae. The last one with significant increase with regards to the beginning of the study, although still below the optimum values to have certain impact on the pastureland.

Conclusions

There was increase of the legumes, and wide diversity of plant species that the animals use for their feeding was found, mainly represented by the families Poaceae and Fabaceae.

Palabras clave : application of fertilizers; biodiversity; botanical composition.

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