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Pastos y Forrajes

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0394versión On-line ISSN 2078-8452

Resumen

ROMERO-ARIAS, Aracelis; RUZ-REYES, Raquel María  y  LEYVA-RODRIGUEZ, Santa Laura. Agroproductive performance of three cultivars of Glycine max (L.) Merril. Pastos y Forrajes [online]. 2023, vol.46, e12.  Epub 15-Sep-2023. ISSN 0864-0394.

Objective: To evaluate the agroproductive performance of three cultivars of Glycine max (L.) Merril on a loose brown soil without carbonate.

Materials and Methods: The research was conducted in a farm in the Las Tunas municipality, Las Tunas province, under field conditions. A randomized block design was applied with three treatments and three replicas. Plots with an area of 11,2 m2 were used. The distance between replicas was 1 m. The seed had 98 % germination. The cultivars Incasoy-1, Incasoy-26 and Incasoy-2 were studied. During the vegetative cycle of the crop, the variables number of pods per plant, number of grains per plant, weight of 100 grains, yield in t ha-1, were evaluated.

Results: The lowest number of pods per plant corresponded to cultivar Incasoy-2 and the highest one was shown by Incasoy-1, which differed statistically from Incasoy-26. The highest yield was obtained in cultivar Incasoy-1 (1,75 t ha-1), which differed from the others, and the lowest value was recorded in Incasoy-2 (0,60 t ha-1). All the cultivars reached profits in their production. The treatment that provided the highest profit was Incasoy-1, with results of 121 250.00 pesos per hectare, and cost of $0,10 per produced peso.

Conclusions: The highest agricultural yield was for cultivar Incasoy-1 (over 1 t/ha) and the lowest yield for Incasoy-2. In turn, the highest net profit corresponded to Incasoy-1, as well as the lowest cost per peso.

Palabras clave : economic analysis; evaluation; yield.

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