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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2125versión On-line ISSN 1561-3038

Resumen

JIMENEZ FONTAO, Lilian et al. Comportamiento del asma bronquial en la edad pediátrica. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2001, vol.17, n.1, pp.43-49. ISSN 0864-2125.

An observational analytic case-control study was conducted in the population of children attending the "Sueños del Ché" Day Care Center in order to determine the possible influence of some risk factors on bronchial asthma. The investigation was made during the academic course 1996-1997. 166 children, 21 of whom were asthmatics (SG), and other 145 apparently sound (CG) took part in the study. The relative risk and its confidence interval of 95 %, as well as the Chi square test were used as an epidemiological tool. Males prevailed among the sick and the allergic manifestations were more common in ill children and in those whose relatives were smokers or suffered from bronchial asthma. An improvement of 50 % was attained with the admnistration of ketotifen. The presence of vectors and/or animals at home was not an important factor to be considered

Palabras clave : ASTHMA [complications]; CHILD; PREVALENCE; RISK FACTORS; SCHOOLS, NURSERY.

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