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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2125versión On-line ISSN 1561-3038

Resumen

CASANOVA CARRILLO, Pedro. Estudio clínico de las principales causas de trastornos cognoscitivos en la atención primaria. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2001, vol.17, n.4, pp.309-315. ISSN 0864-2125.

SUMMARY 234 apparently sound patients, who receive medical attention at 2 family physician’s offices of the "Héroes del Moncada" Polyclinic were studied to detect the presence of cognition deterioration in the population over 60 from these places. The high number of consultations due to memory disorders and to the lost of the cognition capacity in general led the authors to write this paper. A complete neurological examination was made to all patients and some tests were applied in the form of surveys to measure the time and degree of deterioration and their relation to age. It was observed that 19.66 % of them had some form of cognition deterioration. The highest percentages corresponded to memory (36.9 %), followed by orientation, mixed forms, thought and judgement, respectively. Of the 46 patients with deterioration, 36 were over 70. Most of the cases were in an initial or mild stage (50 %), but unlike other similar papers the figures of severe deterioration (28.2 %) were higher than those of moderate deterioration (21.7 %), probably depending on the characteristics of our sample. Figures of prevalence similar to those presented in this paper (16.5 and 19.3 %) have been registered in our country. The results attained showed the increasing trend of the syndrome and the role of age as a risk factor for the appareance of these syndromes

Palabras clave : DEMENTIA [diagnosis]; COGNITION DISORDERS [diagnosis].

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