Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral
On-line version ISSN 1561-3038
OSORIO ILLAS, Lisis; HITCHMAN BARADA, Dora L.; PEREZ PEREZ, Juan Alberto and PADILLA GONZALEZ, Carmen. Prevalencia de baja visión y ceguera en un área de salud. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2003, vol.19, n.5, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-3038.
Our paper was aimed at determining the prevalence of low vision and blindness at "elpidio Berovides" polyclinics, Lisa municipality, Havana City and also finding out different epidemiological aspects related to these diseases. The variables taken were: age, sex, pathological family history and personal history, both general and ocular, and lastly psychosocial effects on these patients. Tables and graphs helped to analyze these data. As a result of our research work, we found a prevalence rate of low vision equals to 230 x 100, 000 pop whereas blind rate is 40 x 100 000 pop, affecting mainly patients over 60 years. The fundamental causes of these diseases were glaucoma, 16%; degenerative myopia, 14.8% and other retinal diseases. All these patients presented with restrictions from the psychosocial viewpoints.
Keywords : BLINDNESS; VISION, LOW; PREVALENCE; AGE FACTORS; GLAUCOMA; MYOPIA; RETINAL DISEASES.