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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

versão impressa ISSN 0864-2125versão On-line ISSN 1561-3038

Resumo

ISLA VALDES, Ariana et al. Behavior of placenta praevia in "América Arias" Gynecoobstetric Hospital from 2003 to 2005. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.3. ISSN 0864-2125.

A retrospective and descriptive study was undertaken at "América Arias" Gynecoobstetric Hospital to identify the relationship existing between the appearance of placenta praevia and the presence of some obstetric variables, in addition to its impact on maternal and perinatal morbimortality from January 2003 to December 2005. 62 medical histories corresponding to the same number of females that presented placenta praevia on this date were reviewed. It was found that the increase of the frequency of placenta praevia was mainly related to age over 30 (75.5 % of the cases), an elevated parity (58 % of the females were multiparous), and the cesareans and the previous induced abortions (32.3 and 25.8 % of the pregnant women, respectively) 67.8 % of the cases were diagnosed at the primary health care level. The most common maternal complications were postpartum anemia (29 % of the cases) and distocic delivery (17.7 % of the females), whereas in the newborn infant, low birth weight and respiratory distress (29 y 25.8 % of the neonates, respectively) proved to be the most frequent complications.

Palavras-chave : Placenta praevia; maternal morbidity; perinatal morbidity.

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