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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

versão impressa ISSN 0864-2125versão On-line ISSN 1561-3038

Resumo

ALVAREZ PONCE, Vivian Asunción; ALONSO URIA, Rosa María  e  MONTEAVARO RODRIGUEZ, Martha. Hypertensive disease in the pregnant woman: Results of a service. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.3. ISSN 0864-2125.

Preeclampsia is one of the main causes of maternal mortality in the world. A retrospective, longitudinal and descriptive study was conducted in the Gynecoobstetric Hospital of Guanabacoa in 2004 and 2005. All the expectants admitted in the Perinatal Care Ward that were classified as hypertensive and that delivered in the same period were studied. The study group was composed of 71 patients. The same number of pregnant women that gave birth during this period were included in the control group. They were not hypertensive and and they did not suffer from this disease during pregnancy. Preeclampsia predominated as a unique entity or associated with chronic hypertension.The most common risk factors were nuliparity with 45.1 %, overweight and obesity (22.5 and 25.4 %, respectively), which had a great statistical significance. In the study group, there was a remarkable difference between the cesarean delivery (77.5 %) and the transpelvic delivery. Low weight also showed significant differences (21.1 %). Maternal mortality was low.

Palavras-chave : Preeclampsia; risk factors; low weight.

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