Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral
On-line version ISSN 1561-3038
ARTEAGA GARCIA, Amaylid; TOLEDO FERNANDEZ, Ana Margarita and VILLALON ALDANA, Cristina. Infertility in a health area of Cerro municipality. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.4, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-3038.
OBJECTIVE: a descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to characterize the behavior of infertility in 11 family physician's offices of "Héroes de Girón" Polyclinic in Cerro municipality. METHODS: the family physician's offices were chosen by criterion and selection sampling. The selection was based on an equitative distribution in the Basic Working Groups, as well as on the stability and deep knowledge of the area on the part of the nursing personnel that carried out the investigation after being trained on the topic. Two instruments were applied: a questionnaire at the family physician's office level and a survey to the couples with infertility problems, Percentage was used as a summary measure. RESULTS: of a total of 700 couples at fertile age, 40 had infertility problems, accounting for 5.7 %. 35 of them were interviewed. It was observed a predominance of the female factors, mainly the tubal factor. Most of the couples were at optimal ages to procreate with steady marriage relations and they had been trying to have children for more than 2 years. Primary infertility prevailed. More than half of the couples were not followed up for this reason, and those who were, in spite of being followed up for more than 3 years, knew little about the cause of infertility. CONCLUSIONS: infertility in the studied population reaches a greater magnitude due to the problems of attention rather than for the figure it represents. It was mainly found at optimal ages for reproduction, in stable relations with a prolonged waiting and with predominance of primary tubal infertility. The diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties, as well as the long process make that most of the couples be unsatisfied with the follow-up they recieve.
Keywords : Infertility; esterility; conception; pregnancy.