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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2125versión On-line ISSN 1561-3038

Resumen

FAJARDO LUIG, Rebeca et al. Risk factors of low birth weight. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.4. ISSN 0864-2125.

A case-control study was conducted at "América Arias" Gynecoobstetric Hospital from 2004 to 2006 aimed at identifying the asociation of low birth weight with some risk factors known in this entity. The study group was composed of 108 females living in Centro Habana that gave birth a live low birth weight infant, and a control group that was made up of 216 females that had a normoweight infant. Of the low birth weight infants, 65 % were preterm, 39 % RIUG and 4 % presented a combination of both entities It was proved that there is a relationship between low birth weight and the maternal age under 20 (14.8 % of the cases) and those over 35 (23.1 % of the cases), low maternal height (15.7 % of the cases), low educational level (17.5 % of the cases), the maternal history of child with low birth weight (13.8 % of the cases), short intergenesic period (69.4 % of the cases), smoking habit (60.1 % of the cases), maternal malnutrition at the beginning of gestation (58.3 % of the cases), and insufficient maternal weight gain during pregnancy (54.6 % of the cases). Bronchial asthma (13.8 %), chroniuc arterial hypertension (12.9 %), preeclampsia (18.5 %) and anemia (18.5 %) were the most common diseases found in the study group.

Palabras clave : Low birth weight newborn infant.

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