Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral
On-line version ISSN 1561-3038
VERDASQUERA CORCHO, Denis et al. Design of a tool to assess the knowledge level on human leptospirosis in primary health care physicians. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.3, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-3038.
INTRODUCTION: the treatment success in a patient presenting leptospirosis is linked to the early and timely diagnosis of cases. Despite that in Cuba this disease has an endemic-epidemic behavior, deficiencies in clinical treatment of some cases has influenced on the mortality. METHODS: a tool designed and validated by expert consultation and assessed thorough a pilot study conducted in the 7 health areas of Boyeros municipality to assess the knowledge level of primary care assistant physicians on the leptospirosis. RESULTS: the tool includes three items (general data, patient care problems, updating ways on this subject and knowledges assessment). At the same time, the paragraph aimed to knowledges exploration is subdivided into 3 sections to explore in a independent way the clinical treatment elements, microbiologic diagnosis and epidemiologic features of disease. The items of each paragraph were adapted considering the Cuban guidelines to prevention and control of leptospirosis, as well as the lineaments for diagnosis, surveillance and control of the human leptospirosis published by WHO and the International Society of Leptospirosis. CONCLUSIONS: the use of a standardized tool of this type will allow to assess the knowledge level of assistant physicians on this community level zoonosis and thus to contribute to design local and regional hard-hitting strategies on lethality caused by this entity.
Keywords : Leptospirosis; tool; evaluation; knowledges; physicians; primary health care.