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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2125versión On-line ISSN 1561-3038

Resumen

DE LA VEGA PAITKOVA, Tatiana; PEREZ MARTINEZ, Víctor T.  y  BEZOS MARTINEZ, Lenia. The breastfeeding and its influence on the behavior of acute respiratory infections. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.3. ISSN 0864-2125.

INTRODUCCIÓN: breastfeeding is recognized as the better inductor of the immunologic maturation of postnatal stage. Mother milk provides a complete nutrition for any baby from the birth to 6 months of life. METHODS: eighty transitional cases were studied from the No. 2 Basic Work Group of the "Ana Betancourt" Polyclinic to identify the frequency and variety of acute respiratory infections related to the type of breastfeeding received. To data collection authors considered the information achieved in the puericulture consultations during the first year of life, completed in the pediatric medical records (documentary review). RESULTS: there was predominance of breast-fed children (83 %) although from these, only the 25 % was feed in an exclusive way. Mixed lactation even so majority (58 %) predominates under the fourth month of life and the 17 % of cases was lactated in an artificial way. The acute respiratory infections were the most frequent in children with a short period of mixed lactation (19 %), as well as in those lactated in an artificial way (14 %) with predominance in them most of the otitis media and the total of pneumonia. Only in three of these patients it was necessary hospitalization and the course in all the cases was satisfactory. CONCLUSIONES: there was predominance of mixed breastfeeding. It was proved a high morbidity due to acute respiratory infections in study transitional cases. The more is brief the period of breastfeeding, greater is the infection risk and severity of these infections. The two third of otitis media and the total of pneumonias occur en cases with brief mixed breastfeeding or artificial.

Palabras clave : Mixed breastfeeding; artificial; respiratory infections.

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