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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2125versión On-line ISSN 1561-3038

Resumen

SANTIESTEBAN DIAZ, Yasel; CASTRO PERAZA, Marta; GONZALEZ SOTO, Zaida  y  SANCHEZ VALDES, Lizet. Impact of Gustav and Ike hurricanes crossing on the psychological health of a group of affected schoolchildren. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.3. ISSN 0864-2125.

OBJECTIVES: to assess the impact of hurricanes Gustav and Ike on the psychological health of a group of schoolchildren. To characterize the psychological representation that hurricanes had on they and to identify the presence of psychological symptoms during and after the passing of meteors by the affected place. METHODS: a study of three clinical cases was conducted three months after the passing of these metereological events (November, 2008). Ten children were selected aged between 7 and 10 and collecting the background of partial damage in their houses. Community selected for study was Bacunagua from the Los Palacios municipality because of this was the more affected one in the Pinar del Río province. The tools used were the free drawing, a composition called "The Cyclone" and an interview with the children as well as with parents to know the behavior of children during the cyclone passing. RESULTS: authors took into account three categories as psychological representation, which included destruction, emotional affection and recovery and the identified symptoms were enough to consider the possibility of Adaptation Disorder with Impatient-Depressive symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: present paper allowed us an approach to psychological effects of disasters using projective psychological techniques showing the representation features and the psychological symptoms of schoolchildren due to the meteor affecting them and it was possible to come closer to existing post-disaster treatment and to propose the appropriate recommendations.

Palabras clave : Hurricane; disasters,children; Cuba; psychological disorders.

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