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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125


DE LA VEGA PAZITKOVA, Tatiana; PEREZ MARTINEZ, Víctor Tadeo  and  BEZOS MARTINEZ, Lenia. Relation between the severity of bronchial asthma manifestations and the fulfilment of the inter-crisis treatment. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.3, pp.294-306. ISSN 0864-2125.

INTRODUCTION: In past decade the morbidity and mortality from bronchial asthma have increased. This is a diseased suffered nowadays by 300 millions of persons in the world. In Cuba, the bronchial asthma is also an important health problem. OBJECTIVE: To establish the relation between the fulfilment of treatment in inter-crisis period and the severity of the clinical manifestations of this entity. METHODS: A total of 119 patients diagnosed with bronchial asthma from the "Ana Betancourt" Polyclinic were studied. In data collection authors applied individual questionnaires among patients and relatives this latter directly related to its care. Patients were grouped according to the Spanish Guide for asthma management (SGAM) of 2009. RESULTS: Twenty three intermittent asthmatic patients were detected, 42 were slight persistent, 36 were of persistent moderate type and 18 were severe persistent. The 95 % of study patient triggered the crisis using respiratory inhalants. In the 79 % of homes there was presence of smokers. Only the 41 % of patients fulfils the treatment appropriately during the inter-crisis periods. CONCLUSIONS: There is a direct relation between the severity of the clinical manifestations of bronchial asthma and the non-fulfillment of inter-crisis treatment leading to the disease exacerbation.

Keywords : Bronchial asthma; inter-crisis treatment; severity; clinical manifestations; exacerbation.

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