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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125


JORDAN SEVERO, Tamine et al. Tuberculosis reported in four municipalities of the Cuban capital. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.3, pp.344-354. ISSN 0864-2125.

INTRODUCTION: The case detection is the fundamental activity of screening carried out in Cuba and one of the essential strategies to achieve the eradication of tuberculosis as a problem of public health. OBJECTIVE: To describe some characteristics found in the cases of tuberculosis reported in 2008 at the Boyeros, 10 de Octubre, Arroyo Naranjo and Cotorro municipalities. METHODS: A descriptive study of cases of tuberculosis reported in 2008 was conducted in four municipalities of the southern of Cuban capital. These persons were visited in their homes and interviewed using a previously validated additional questionnaire. A database was created processed in Epi Info 2002. RESULTS: In this four municipalities fifty nine cases of tuberculoses were reported with a disease incidence rate between 6.2 and 10.1/100 00 inhabitants. The 72.9 % of cases aged between 15 and 19 and the 78 % was of male sex; the 86.4 % had pulmonary tuberculosis and the 13.6 % deceased. The 91.5 % was of a risk group mainly the elderly, alcoholics and ex-imprisoneds. The 100 % of deceased were of risk group. CONCLUSIONS: The four municipalities showed incidence rates > 5/100 000 inhabitants and all except the Arroyo Naranjo municipality were over the national rate; with predominance of ages from 15 to 59 years, male sex and pulmonary tuberculosis with a positive bacilloscopy most of them from important vulnerable groups in which are included most of deceased.

Keywords : Tuberculosis; risk groups; cases; incidence; mortality; interviews.

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