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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2125


HERNANDEZ VAZQUEZ, Luis Manuel; DE LA VEGA PAZITKOVA, Tatiana; PEREZ MARTINEZ, Víctor T  y  GONZALEZ DELGADO, Erick. Cardiovascular risk found in patients from a doctor's office in "Ana Betancourt" polyclinics. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.4, pp.569-584. ISSN 0864-2125.

Introduction: the predictive capacity of the coronary risk is greater than the prediction set by the individual consideration of the cardiovascular risk factors. Objective: to determine the coronary risk and the cardiovascular prevention priorities in patients from the family doctor's office no.5 in "Ana Betancourt" polyclinics located in Playa municipality. Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in the 2009-2010 period. The universe of study was made up of 856 people aged over 20 years in this doctor's office. After applying the criteria of selection, 242 patients formed the final sample. The criteria of Framingham's coronary risk prediction tables, which allow estimating the risk covering 10 years in those people who present cardiovascular risk factors but not coronary disease and require health interventions to change their lifestyles, were applied. Results: the patients included in the moderate coronary risk category (97 for 40.1 %), followed by high risk patients (82 for 33.8 %) and finally, the low risk (63 for 26 %) predominated. None of the patients were exempted from the coronary risk. Conclusions: it is more likely that over half of the sample would have some coronary event, either deadly or not, in the forthcoming ten years. Therefore, it is urgent to apply a community-based intervention strategy, based on the change of lifestyle-associated risk factors, capable of reducing the current manifestation of the coronary risk in the studied population.

Palabras clave : predictive capacity; coronary risk; cardiovascular risk factors.

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