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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2125versión On-line ISSN 1561-3038


MESA TRUJILLO, Daisy et al. Intervention Strategy for Improving the Quality of Life in the Aged Adult. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2020, vol.36, n.4, e1256.  Epub 01-Dic-2020. ISSN 0864-2125.


Population aging is currently one of the most relevant demographic concerns. Protection of aged adults and health actions to increase their quality of life are a priority of the Cuban state.


To design an intervention strategy to improve the quality of life of aged adults.


Applied research with a first descriptive-evaluative stage for the design of the strategy, and a second stage of carrying out interventions and assessing outcomes. It was carried out in the family doctor’s office number 7 of Los Palacios Municipality, in Pinar del Río Province, during 2018 and the first half of 2019, with a population of 294 aged adults and a sample of 223 individuals who met the inclusion criteria. The sociodemographic variables were quality of life, self-esteem and lifestyles. The Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory was applied, together with the Guide for the study of lifestyle and the M.G.H. Scale of quality of life in the aged adult.


The female sex predominated. Quality of life was higher in people with a partner. There was no correlation with the level of education. No polypharmacy was found in the aged adult. Self-esteem, healthy lifestyles and quality of life rose considerably after the intervention.


The intervention strategy designed contributed to raising the quality of life in aged adults.

Palabras clave : aged adult; quality of life; self-esteem; lifestyles; intervention strategy.

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