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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2125versión On-line ISSN 1561-3038


CRUZATA MATOS, Idania María et al. The Characteristics of Clinical-Epidemiological Variables in Prenatal Care. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2022, vol.38, n.2, e1749.  Epub 01-Jun-2022. ISSN 0864-2125.


Prenatal care to each pregnant woman establishes a comprehensive and particularized medical assistance, which makes it possible to determine and act early on modifiable risk factors through continuous surveillance.


To describe the characteristics of prenatal care according to clinical-epidemiological variables.


Descriptive and observational study carried out at Pedro del Toro outpatient polyclinic between 2014 and 2018, with 2,761 patients, which represented the total number of pregnant women in the study period who met the indicated criteria. The information was obtained by reviewing the database of the mother and infant program, which permitted to define the variables for processing the data in an Excel worksheet, using statistical parameters at a descriptive level.


The pregnant women diagnosed before the twelfth weeks (2442; 88.44 %) were the majority, with a body mass index range of 18.9 to 25.5 kg/m2 (1657; 60.01 %). Regarding delivery, pregnant women between 37 and 41.6 weeks predominated (2531; 91.66 %) and the most relevant newborn weight range was between 2500 and 4000 grams (2443; 88.48 %). Ages between 21 to 29 years were representative (1438; 52.08 %).


The effectiveness of prenatal care through timely detection and follow-up of all the elements that influence maternal and fetal well-being will depend, to a large extent, on early detection of pregnant women.

Palabras clave : prenatal care; pregnant women; newborn; pregnancy.

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