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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2125versión On-line ISSN 1561-3038


VEGA MENDOZA, Dania Lidia; VALDERRAMA ARDILA, Melissa; VALDIVIA ALVAREZ, Ileana  y  VALDES RAMIREZ, Odalys. Usage of 3% Hypertonic Saline Solution in Children with Acute Bronchitis. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2022, vol.38, n.2, e1689.  Epub 30-Mayo-2022. ISSN 0864-2125.


Acute bronchiolitis is the most frequent lower respiratory tract infection in the infant. It has a yearly incidence of 10 % in infants and an admission rate of 2 % to 5 %, with a significant increase in recent years.


To determine the effectiveness of nebulized 3% hypertonic saline solution treatment in patients with acute bronchiolitis.


A prospective, longitudinal and analytical study of case-control design was carried out. The universe consisted of 132 patients distributed into 66 cases and 66 controls.


The mean age was 3.6±2.5 months. Wheezing was found in 129 patients, accounting for 97.7 %. A mean hospital stays of 3.19±1.41 days was found in cases, while a mean of 4.97±1.77 days was found in controls, a difference that was highly significant (P<0.001).


Although patients treated with 3% hypertonic saline solution required more days with oxygen therapy, the treatment proved to be effective by showing a shorter hospital stay and a lower number of complications in patients with acute bronchiolitis.

Palabras clave : acute bronchitis; hypertonic saline solution; effectiveness.

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