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Educación Médica Superior

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2141

Resumen

MADIEDO ALBOLATRACHS, Mayra; ESCOBAR CARMONA, Edelby; PUGA GARCIA, Arturo  y  PEREZ MATEO, Alexis Valentín. Theoretical fundamentals of the didactic treatment of the objectives for the formation of intellectual and practical skills in the medical studies. Educ Med Super [online]. 2011, vol.25, n.2, pp.135-156. ISSN 0864-2141.

The models of undergraduate formation in medical sciences, centered in new pedagogic tendencies, demand a teaching-learning process from the perspective of self-study by the students. The pedagogic work requires organization, and in the event of formulation of achievable objectives in keeping with the professional profile, certain didactic principles and pedagogic categories must be considered to facilitate the work of both the professor and the student. The objective of this paper was to deal with the theoretical fundamentals of the didactic approach of the objectives, particularly their gradual derivation and directing from the guiding function of the educator toward the preparation of the student as the present formative process in the medical career demands. On the basis of the formative objective structure and the gradual derivation, there was set the system of operational actions stemming from the functional invariants and their contribution to the process of systematization for the formation and development of intellectual and practical skills. As to the directing of objectives, the paper took into account the connections that are established from the meeting of educator with the student to the process of formation, thus supporting the idea that for the fulfilment of the objectives according to the social task, the didactic approach is indispensable which is applied through perfectible procedural and integrated systems in the curricula of the medical career to achieve self-learning-centered performance in the medical student.

Palabras clave : Objectives; skills; orientation; process of systematization.

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