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Educación Médica Superior

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2141versión On-line ISSN 1561-2902

Resumen

RIVERA MICHELENA, Natacha. A constructivist perspective to find appropriate solutions to teaching-learning problems. Educ Med Super [online]. 2016, vol.30, n.3, pp.609-614. ISSN 0864-2141.

In the contemporary training process, a constructivist approach involves taking an epistemological position, being the expression of a theoretical system that understands knowledge as a process to construct genuine human being. It is expressed as an educational perspective that suggests that the development of the individual is a construction per se, which takes place as a result of the social relationships that distinguish the human activity, which also comes to ensures the assimilation of a particular type of experience, the social-historical. We can mention several types of constructivism, as it is a position shared by different trends of psychological and educational research. They are the theories by Vygotsky, Piaget and Ausubel, among the most representative; so when we mention constructivism, we do it a loose but no strict sense, because ultimately the different trends have more common elements than different ones. The constructivist approach to the human development is defined by the construction per se, which occurs as a result of the interaction between the cognitive, emotional and social aspects of behavior in different contexts where it operates. In the didactic conditions of higher education, this cognitive-emotional-social development must occur in the student, as the product of a teaching management focused on learning, an essential condition for the achievement of professional competences required by the curriculum in response to the contemporary social commission. The aim of this study is to assess the importance of considering a constructivist perspective in directing the university teaching-learning process.

Palabras clave : teaching-learning process; constructivism.

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