Revista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatología
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3100
A casuistics of 200 children with clinical and/or radiological signs of congenital hip dysplasia, accounting for 2.20 % of the newborn infants, is analyzed in this paper. Among the results we found a higher frequency among the children from young mothers, mainly in those of rural origin, a high percentage of breech presentations, an elevated incidence in gestational ages over 39 weeks, a predominance of the female sex, higher unilateral affectation with an evident prevailing of injury on the left side and a relatively low number of associated malformations. The most frequent anatomoradiological forms observed were dysplasia, subluxations and luxations with a high proportion of unilateral association of abnormalities. The treatment was based on Pavlick Harness for cephalic dysplasia and acetabular dysplasias with or without subluxations and cast in physiological position of the articulation in the luxation, as well as on tenotomies in those cases of limited abduction. The results were favorable.
Palabras llave : HIP DISLOCATION, CONGENITAL [genetics;]; HIP DISLOCATION, CONGENITAL [surgery]; INFANT, NEWBORN; FETAL DISEASES.