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Revista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatología

versión impresa ISSN 0864-215X

Resumen

QUESADA MUSA, Juan Vicente; DELGADO RIFA, Eraclio; TORREZ VAZQUEZ, Diosnel  y  GOMEZ SILVA, Yanet. Morbility and mortality due to hip fracture. Rev Cubana Ortop Traumatol [online]. 2011, vol.25, n.2, pp.136-148. ISSN 0864-215X.

Objective: to demonstrate the main causes to attempt the morbility and mortality of patients operated on hip fracture. Methods: a prospective, cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in the patients operated on hip fracture in the "Dr. Ernesto Guevara de la Serna" General Teaching Hospital from January, 2007 to September, 2009. Results: there was predominance of this type of lesion in female sex (60.7%) and in patients aged between 71 and 80 (26.6 %); the emergency surgery was the therapeutical option more used in the 69.3 % of cases; the trochanteric fractures were the more frequent ones. The decompensation of base disease and the family decision with a 25.3 %, 18.7 % and 16 % were the leading causes hampered the emergency surgery. In patients with a preoperative stage less than 72 h, the percentage of complications was low. Conclusions: the disorientation, bronchopneumonia and decubitus sores were the more frequent complications. The percentage of deceased was greater in patients with dysfunctional families than in the functional ones, demonstrating the determinant role of family environment in the natural history and prognosis of these patients.

Palabras clave : morbility; mortality; hip fracture.

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