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Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2176versión On-line ISSN 1561-3070

Resumen

DIAZ ARENCIBIA, Omar et al. Cystoid macular edema diagnosed with optical coherente tomography in patients operated on from cataract. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2009, vol.22, n.2, pp.66-76. ISSN 0864-2176.

OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency of cystoid macular edema diagnosed with optical coherence tomography in patients operated on from senile cataract at "Ramón Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology in the period from December 2006 to February 2007. METHODS: A prospective and descriptive study of 106 eyes from 94 surgical patients was conducted; they were examined with Zeiss Meditec AG Stratus OCT 3000. RESULTS: Of the total number of patients, 20,3 % presented with cystoid macular edema. No symptoms were felt by 59.1 % of patients with this edema. It was more likely to develop cystoid macular edema when there were complications at surgery. Posterior pole biomicroscopy allowed observing perifoveal intraretinal cysts in 81, 8 % of the operated patients and an inversely proportional relation between macular thickness and final visual acuity. CONCLUSIONS: A sizeable number of patients with cystoid macular edema were diagnosed with optical coherence tomography. This disorder occurred asymptomatically in most of patients. It was more likely to develop cystoid macular edema when complications occurred during the surgery, particularly the rupture of posterior capsule with vitreous hemorrhage. The morphological changes in patients with cystoid macular edema determine inversely proportional relations between macular thickness and final visual acuity.

Palabras clave : Cystoid macular edema; optical coherence tomography.

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