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Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2176versión On-line ISSN 1561-3070

Resumen

RAMIREZ GARCIA, Lázara Kenia; GOMEZ CABRERA, Clara  y  DIAZ AZZE, Maritza. Atypical anophthalmic cavities. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2010, vol.23, n.1, pp.49-56. ISSN 0864-2176.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the situation of atypical anophthalmic cavities in our center in terms of age, sex, causes of eyeball loss, surgical technique and main alteration of the technique. METHODS: A prospective descriptive study was conducted in 239 patients with confirmed diagnosis in the period of June to December 2007. RESULTS: In this group of patients, 3 % were under 20 years of age, 30% aged 21 to 40 y, 43 % was in 41-60 y group and 24 % were over 60 years. Males accounted for 74 %. The eyeball loss due to trauma affected 115 patients for 48,1% followed by infections and glaucoma. In these patients, 69,5 % were eviscerated and 30,5 % were enucleated. Conjunctival pathology was present in 64 % of them whereas lower fornix retraction affected 28 %. Pseudoptosis was observed in 49 %. CONCLUSIONS: Atypical anophthalmic cavities were more common in the 41-60y age group. Males prevailed. The main causes of the eyeball loss were trauma and infections. Evisceration was the most used surgical technique. Most of these atypical cavities were due to loss of the lower sac fundus and to palpebral malpositions.

Palabras clave : Anophthalmia; evisceration; enucleation; pseudoptosis.

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