Revista Cubana de Oftalmología
versión ISSN 0864-2176
TOLEDO GONZALEZ, Yusimik et al. Clinical-epidemiological behavior of ocular toxoplasmosis. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.1, pp. 15-29. ISSN 0864-2176.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical-epidemiological features in patients diagnosed with ocular toxoplasmosis seen in the Ophthalmology consultation of the Guanajay municipality polyclinic during 2008. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal, descriptive and observational study was conducted to analyze the following variables: age, sex, and presence of domestic animals, food habits, signs and symptoms, number of lesions, location, activity, involved eye and complications. In consultation 11 patients were seen diagnosed with ocular toxoplasmosis. RESULTS: There was predominance of ages between 30 and 44 years for a 36.3 %. The 71.2 % of patients had domestic animals and the 81.8 % had no appropriate feeding habits. Also, there was predominance of blurred vision (72.7 %). Retinochoroiditis was present in the 72.7 % of patients. From them, the 54.5 % had a severe damage. There were many inactive lesions with a 72.7 % and unique lesions (90.9 %) The 45.4 % had a macular location and the 36.3 % a perimacular one. Complications present were a visual deficit and cataract. CONCLUSION: Ocular toxoplasmosis is more predominant in male sex and is more frequent in regions with poor conditions of public health and inappropriate food habits. Included in factors is the presence of domestic animals, mainly the cats. The blurred vision and retinochoroiditis are referred by patients. In general, it has some degree of visual involvement and it is severe in most of patients. The unique inactive lesions and with macular location as well as the visual deficit and cataract are complications predominant in these cases.
Palabras llave : Ocular toxoplasmosis; retinochoroiditis; domestic animals.