Revista Cubana de Oftalmología
versão ISSN 0864-2176
CRUZ IZQUIERDO, Dunia e CASTILLO PEREZ, Alexeide. Epidemiological characterization of ocular trauma at open globe in zone I in the "Ramón Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology (2007-2008). Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.1, pp. 151-160. ISSN 0864-2176.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological features of ocular trauma at zone I level in patients seen in the cornea service of the "Ramón Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from May, 2007 to May, 2008. METHODS: In twenty three patients the study variables were: age, sex, activity performed at moment of trauma, present complications and the emergency treatment used. Patients were classified into five categories according the Ocular Trauma Score. RESULTS: The more involved age-group was that from 0 to 10 (34,8%) and the male sex (65,2%). The infantile games were the more frequent activity registered at moment of the ocular trauma (34,8%). The ocular hypertension (39,1%), the hyphema (26,0%) the corneal leukoma (100%) were the more frequent complications. The 78,2% of patients needed suture of the corneal wound. The prognostic usefulness of the ocular trauma score was verified in most of cases. CONCLUSIONS: The ocular trauma is more frequent in age-group from 0 to 10 years and in the male sex. The infantile games are the more frequent activity performed at moment of the trauma. The ocular hypertension and the hyphema are the complications with a higher percentage, whereas the corneal leukoma is present in all the study cases. The corneal hound suture is the more used surgical emergency treatment. The prognostic usefulness of Ocular Trauma Score is confirmed in most of cases.
Palavras-chave : Ocular trauma; epidemiology; scoring scale.