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Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2176


CRUZ IZQUIERDO, Dunia  y  GUERRA GARCIA, Roberto Alejandro. Ocular trauma and multitrauma. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2012, vol.25, suppl.2, pp.500-507. ISSN 0864-2176.

A review was made on the ocular trauma and its management in multitrauma patients. The most common causes comprise domestic and occupational accidents, games, recreational and sport activities. It involves more frequently a high percentage of young people, with male prevalence in almost all the reviewed papers. Ocular trauma is an important source of unilateral or bilateral blindness not only in Cuba but worldwide as well. A brief summary of the current terms and definitions used to manage ocular trauma, their classification and the advantage of the Ocular Trauma Score (OTS) to know the possible final visual acuity, according to the clinical findings at the emergency room, were presented. Reference was also made to the multitrauma patients and to those elements that the ophthalmologist must take into account to adopt appropriate actions when the patient’s wounds are penetrating or perforating and life-threatening. These cases require efficient cooperation among many specialists to preserve patient's life and to reduce complications affecting the final visual prognosis.

Palabras clave : ocular trauma; OTS; BETT; classification; multitrauma.

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