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Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

Print version ISSN 0864-2176


SOTO FORS, Marilay et al. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of retinopathy of prematurity in neonates born from multiple pregnancies. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2013, vol.26, n.1, pp.121-128. ISSN 0864-2176.

Introduction: the main lines of the retinopathy of prematurity program in Cuba are the prevention of blindness and the timely treatment of cases so requiring. Objective: to determine the clinical and epidemiological features of the retinopathy of prematurity in the neonate born to multiple pregnancies, according to the national program for this disease. Methods: aretrospective, observational and descriptive study conducted in the period of January 1999 to December 2010 at "Eusebio Hernandez" university infant and maternal hospital. It included 52 neonates born from multiple pregnancies, aged less than 36 weeks, and low birthweight (£ 1 700 g). The analyzed variables were sex, gestational age, weight, perinatal factors associated with the development of retinopathy, and the most frequent stagings. Results: nine babies presented some retinopathy staging (17,3 %). In the group of babies with retinopathy of prematurity, males and staging I prevailed. The weight exceeded 1 500 g and the gestacional age was 34-36 weeks. The factors having the highest incidence on the newborns with retinopathy were the uses of oxygen and of steroids. Conclusions: the implementation of the program allows detecting the onset of retinopathy of prematurity and adopting adequate positions towards the risk populations. It is necessary to continue identifying potential risk factors that might cause or worsen the disease.

Keywords : low birthweight newborn; retinopathy of prematurity; multiple pregnancies; Laser photocoagulation.

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