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Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

Print version ISSN 0864-2176


HERNANDEZ SANTOS, Lourdes Rita et al. Current considerations about convergence insufficiency. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2013, vol.26, suppl.1, pp.642-652. ISSN 0864-2176.

Convergence insufficiency is a common eye muscle coordination problem in which the eyes tend to drift outward (exophoria) when reading or doing some work at near distance. The most frequent symptoms are the asthenopics. Convergence insufficiency is one of the most common causes of ocular discomfort. The diagnosis is based on exophoria greater at near distance, a remote near point of convergence and decreased convergence amplitudes. There is not any consensus whatsoever about diagnosis and treatment, although many agree on the fact that the visual therapy and the application of technical advances - computer software packages play an important role - manage to attain rapid visual improvement in these patients.

Keywords : convergence insufficiency; asthenopia; exophoria; visual therapy.

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