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Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2176versión On-line ISSN 1561-3070

Resumen

AMBOU FRUTOS, Isabel et al. Endogenous Candida endophthalmitis, a prognostic marker. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2018, vol.31, n.3, pp.1-8. ISSN 0864-2176.

Candidiasis is the most common cause of endogenous endophthalmitis. Ocular damage occurs within 3 and 15 days after fungemia. The two characteristic forms of presentation are Candida chorioretinitis, affecting the choroid and the retina with no clear impact on the vitreous, and Candida endophthalmitis, with the presence of rounded cottony vitreous lesions (vitreous pearls), characteristic of this infection. The most common early visual symptoms are blurred vision and floaters. It is thus recommended to perform funduscopy within the first two weeks after the candidemia diagnosis to prevent ocular complications and use the ocular damage as an indicator of probable invasive fungal infection. Amphotericin B, fluconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole and ravuconazole, as well as echinocandins, among them caspofungin, have proven useful in the treatment of chorioretinitis, but effectiveness is lower in vitreous damage cases when they are not associated to vitrectomy.

Palabras clave : Endophthalmitis; Candida; candidemia; ocular disorders; funduscopy.

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