SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.32 número4Variación de la presión intraocular posterior a la facoemulsificación en pacientes con cierre angular primarioResultados quirúrgicos de la técnica de elevación de la ceja transblefaroplastia índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

  • No hay articulos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO

Compartir


Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2176versión On-line ISSN 1561-3070

Resumen

GUTIERREZ CASTILLO, Marietta et al. Characterization of basal membrane, nervous plexus and corneal thickness by confocal microscopy in diabetic patients. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2019, vol.32, n.4, e694.  Epub 15-Feb-2020. ISSN 0864-2176.

Objective:

To identify the morphological and morphometric characteristics of the corneal layers by confocal microscopy in diabetic patients.

Methods:

A descriptive and comparative study was carried out in 90 eyes, 60 of which belonged to diabetic patients (30 type 1 and 30 type 2) and 30 to supposedly healthy patients. The study was conducted at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology, between January 2012 and January 2017.

Results:

Epithelial thickness, stroma and corneal endothelium was greater in the eyes of type 1 diabetics with a mean of 54.6, 506.7 and 26.7 microns, respectively. The epithelial basement membrane was observed in 20% of the eyes of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, and in 10% of type 2 diabetics. The group of type 1 diabetics showed one and two nerve plexuses per confocal microscopy field for 33.3% each. In type 2 diabetics, one nerve plexus (40%) predominated, while in healthy patients, four nerve plexuses (66.7%) predominated. Both groups of diabetic patients presented tortuous vertical plexuses (40% and 53.3%, respectively) and oblique nerve plexuses in the group of supposedly healthy patients (80%).

Conclusions:

The study of the cornea by confocal microscopy in diabetic patients showed greater total and layered corneal thicknesses, visible basal membrane, decrease in the sub-basal nerve plexus with vertical arrangement, and tortuous fiber.

Palabras clave : Confocal microscopy; cornea; diabetes mellitus.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )