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Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

versión impresa ISSN 0864-2176versión On-line ISSN 1561-3070

Resumen

CARDENAS MONZON, Ledisleydy  y  NEGRIN-CACERES, Yairan. Influence of diabetes mellitus in the ocular surface. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2019, vol.32, n.4, e798.  Epub 15-Feb-2020. ISSN 0864-2176.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common systemic diseases worldwide with an increasing prevalence and a high mortality rate. Diabetic retinopathy is one of the leading causes of blindness in all the latitudes of the world. Although other eye diseases secondary to diabetes also cause blindness, such influence on the ocular surface is poorly studied; however, 73.6% of type 2 diabetic patients suffer from corneal or ocular surface complications. A review of the available updated bibliography in Spanish and English languages ​​was carried out from full texts and abstracts in databases such as PubMed, Ebsco, Google Scholar, and Scielo. In addition, novel articles were consulted in prestigious specialized journals, with the aim of providing updated information on the influence of diabetes on the ocular surface. Diabetes mellitus has an adverse impact on the ocular surface. The severity of diabetic corneal neuropathy correlates with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. The study of the ocular surface, as well as the retina, is important for the optimal treatment of diabetes. Novel therapeutic options have been introduced, but there are still many in the investigative phase for ocular surface disorders associated with diabetes.

Palabras clave : Diabetes mellitus; ocular surface; keratopathy; diabetic corneal neuropathy.

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