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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466versión On-line ISSN 1561-3127

Resumen

TELLO VELAZQUEZ, Yenny; BAYARRE VEA, Héctor; HERNANDEZ PEREZ, Yanetsy Mayelín  y  HERRERA DOMINGUEZ, Héctor. Prevalencia de discapacidad física en ancianos: Municipios "Amancio Rodríguez" y "Jobabo" 1999. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2001, vol.27, n.1, pp.19-25. ISSN 0864-3466.

The physical disability is a frequent health problem in the elderly that limits their quality of life. To estimate this prevalence in the older people from "Amancio Rodríguez" and "Jobabo" municipalities during the first semester of 1999, a descriptive study was conducted. Through a multistage stratified sampling, 557 aged people were selected. Date were taken from a mental status mini-test, Lawton´s index and a survey containing biological psychological and biological variables. Data processing included rate and percentage estimation. A physical disability of 44.5% was observed. The main limitations for the daily life activities were: doing shopping, food preparation, and mode of transport. The most prevailing biopsychological factors were increase of age, female sex, illiteracy, lost social role, feeling of inactivity and feeling of loneliness.

Palabras clave : HEALTH; PREVALENCE; QUALITY OF LIFE; DISABLED PERSON.

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