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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466versión On-line ISSN 1561-3127

Resumen

SELL LLUVERAS, Jorge Luis; PADRON DURAN, Rubén Salvador; GARCIA ALVAREZ, Caridad Teresita  y  TORRES BARBOSA, Franz. Función sexual y hormonas de la reproducción en mujeres con menopausia precoz. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2001, vol.27, n.2, pp.116-125. ISSN 0864-3466.

The sexual function is better characterized in a woman with physiological menopause; however, there are no specific studies on early menopause (EM) in the international literature. This study was carried out to describe the factors of the sexual function and its possible relation with reproduction hormones in this type of women. All the patients diagnosed with EM, who accepted to participate in the study, were included. The total number was 31. Two questionnaires were applied to collect general data and evaluate the sexual function; the iatrogenic cause or non-iatrogenic cause was taken into account for the assessment. An exploratory analysis of the variables related with sexual function and reproduction hormones was made. The correlation among these variables separately by using Spearman and Pearson coefficients, and the relationship among all the variables by using the multiple correspondence technique were determined. The results showed that most of these women face no big difficulties as to their sexual function, which is confirmed by the high frequency of orgasm and sexual intercourse and the low frequency of diapareunia and reduced sexual desire. They seldom assess their sexual relations and relationship with their partners as unsatisfactory. According to the results, the level of satisfaction in the sexual relations can be considered a markers of the sexual function state. Sexual function disturbances are common in women with EM, but not all of them are affected. It was proved that sexual disorders often depended not only on the women but on their partners as well. It was also found that some reproduction hormones influences the sexual function but they do not determine it; such is the case of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAs). Finally, it may be said that low prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with early menopause shows that the hormonal biological factor is important but not determining

Palabras clave : MENOPAUSE, PREMATURE [physiology]; SEX HORMONES; WOMEN.

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