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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466versión On-line ISSN 1561-3127


FRANCO AGUDELO, Saúl. Momento y contexto de la violencia en Colombia. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2003, vol.29, n.1, pp.18-36. ISSN 0864-3466.

The problem of homicides in Colombia is described and analyzed as the most appropiate way to approach and try to understand part of the problem of the Colombian violence in the last quarter of the XX century. The description and analysis are the result of 3 basic items: the documentary sources and the data available at the different entities and institutions related to the topic, the statements of the actors and speakers representing the diverse forces and the social, economic, cultural and political and military organizations that were obtained through long interviews and permanent dialogues, and the theoretical aspects of those who inside and outside the country have been thinking about our situation of violence. The number of homicides increased slowly during the first years under study. It accelerated from the mid-1980´s on. The rate per 100 000 inhabitants almost fourfolded, from 23 to 82. It was observed a predominance of males, 12 men per each woman, in 2001. Homicides are found among the youngest individuals. The three main characteristics of Colombian violence are shown: recent generalization, complexity and degradation. A final attempt is not made to find a method and propose a unique explanation of the studied phenomenon or a general comprehensive framework. It is suggested a methodical approach and a explanatory exploration that starting from the consideration of homicidal violence in Colombia in a determined period, contributes both to understand it and to stimulate other searches about the own studied reality

Palabras clave : HOMICIDE; VIOLENCE [trends]; COLOMBIA.

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