Revista Cubana de Salud Pública
versión On-line ISSN 0864-3466
Isolated or inconsistent efforts have characterized the age-old relation of geography and human health. In the last decade, the international interest on the study of this relationship has renewed at both academic and health management levels. The present paper explores the Latin American situation and the advancements and restrictions existing in various countries of the area. It deals with the evolution of health geography, the ways in which the theoretical and methodological arsenal of geography has been incorporated into the analysis of disease, death and other damage distribution or as a support to distribution and organization of actions aimed at medical care, prevention and health promotion. It underlines the positive impact of the progressive use of spatial analyses in public health care as well as the relevance of a careful evaluation of the results. On the basis of reflections on geographic approach to health-disease, in effect and prospective, a summarized chart is worked out that includes priority lines and topics not systematically addressed in various Latin American countries
Palabras llave : GEOGRAPHY [trends]; HEALTH-DISEASE PROCESS; COMMUNICABLE DISEASES [epidemiology]; COMMUNICABLE DISEASES [prevention & control]; HEALTH PROMOTION; TOPOGRAPHY, MEDICAL [trends].