Revista Cubana de Salud Pública
versión On-line ISSN 0864-3466
SUAREZ MIRANDA, Carmen Julia; PEREZ, Antonio; CARRERAS, Alina Pérez y FUENTES GONZALEZ, Omar. Malaria surveillance of international travelers residing in Havana City 2000-2001. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2004, vol.30, n.3, pp. 0-0. ISSN 0864-3466.
A prevalence study was carried out in Cuban international travelers and in foreigners living in the capital, who arrived at the country by air or by sea from January 1st,2000 to December 31st, 2001, and also in students from the school years 1999-2000 and 2000-2001 in the Latin American School of Medicine (known as ELAM in Spanish). Malaria prevalence was estimated for travelers by continent and country. To this end, general (continents) and specific (countries) rates were calculated. The same procedure was used for ELAM students. Among the Cuban travelers coming from the African continent in the 2000-2001 period, there was found a basic malaria reservoir, being Nigeria and Cameroon the countries with the highest rates and thus the highest risk of disease import. In Latin America, malaria prevalence was marked in travelers from Nicaragua. At ELAM, all the infested students in the school year 1999-2001 came from America, mainly Nicaragua. In the school year 2000-2001, the infested students from Africa showed the highest rates, being Nigeria the country that contributed the highest number of infested persons. ELAM was a high risk group in malaria prevalence in the present study
Palabras llave : MALARIA; EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE; INTERNATIONAL TRAVELERS; CITY OF HA.