Revista Cubana de Salud Pública
versión On-line ISSN 0864-3466
RODRIGUEZ ENRIQUEZ, Yanik et al. Some indicators of lipid metabolism in pregnant women and newborn infants. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2004, vol.30, n.4, pp. 0-0. ISSN 0864-3466.
Adequate fat intake in the pregnant woman’s diet should assure that her children would receive energy and molecular precursors for endogenous synthesis of lipid structures. A cross-sectional study of 187 pregnant women and 149 neonates was carried out and some lipid metabolism indicators were compared with the results of studies made in the 80´s. The association of these indicators in mothers and neonates was evaluated. Surveys on the semi-quantitative frequency of food consumption in the last trimester of pregnancy were administered. All the serum lipid levels evaluated in mothers and newborn infants were significantly lower in 2001 than in the 80’s except for C-LDL that did not change significantly. There was a positive correlation among CT, FL and C-HDL of mothers and newborn infants ((p< 0,01). Primary health care doctors should recommend pregnant women, with a preventive and nutritional education approach, to take a diet in which fats give 30% of total daily energy by increasing fish and vegetal fat consumption and to carefully monitor possible changes in their lipid profiles.
Palabras llave : PREGNANT; NEWBORN; SERUM LIPIDS; DIETARY FATS; CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES; RECOMMENDATIONS.