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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466versión On-line ISSN 1561-3127

Resumen

FERRER FERRER, Lillian et al. Community-wide interventions against chronic non-communicable diseases in “Dragones” people's council. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2006, vol.32, n.3. ISSN 0864-3466.

Background: Chronic non-communicable diseases are one of the first causes of death in Cuba. Objectives: To submit the most important experience in the implementation of “Dragones” project after 5 years of intervention for the prevention and control of risk factors and chronic non-communicable diseases. Methods: A community-wide intervention was performed on two fundamental pillars: the strengthening of primary healthcare and the active participation of the population in preventive management of chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Results: It was observed that the quality of healthcare to chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors from 2000 to 2003 had remarkably increased. The aspects that improved more were counseling on chronic non-communicable diseases that the patients suffered and the dietary habits, with an increase of 60,03 % and 50,9 % respectively. Also, preventive practices increased in number in 2003, being blood pressure measurement and breast screening test the ones that reached higher percentages. Conclusions: A good community diagnosis, combination of well-thought messages, carrying out of health promotion activities, implementation of cost-effective forms of intervention and a reliable system of evaluation and surveillance are the key aspects that should be taken into consideration when implementing a community-based intervention program for the prevention and control of chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors

Palabras clave : Community-based intervention; chronic non-communicable diseases; risk factors; project evaluation.

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