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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466versión On-line ISSN 1561-3127


LENCE, Juan J  y  CAMACHO, Rolando. Cancer and demographic transition in Latin America and the Caribbean. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2006, vol.32, n.3. ISSN 0864-3466.

Projections of cancer incidence figures point to a future increase of these figures worldwide; the most conspicuous changes in developing countries may be greatly attributed to the population aging. This aging is heterogeneous, occurs at a faster rate than that historically recorded in developed countries, in a context characterized by a high incidence of poverty and persistent acute social inequality. Whereas the Paraguay 's population is still young, the Uruguayan population is undergoing a real aging process. The demographic transition towards the year 2020 is more alarming for Cuba, Porto Rico, Martinique and Guadeloupe than for the rest of the countries, with a percentage increase of 65 years old and over population exceeding 40%. The figures of the Standardized Ratio of Cancer Incidence are higher than 100% in the oldest countries and under 100% in less aged groups, which shows that the risk of getting sick with cancer is closely related with the population aging. The demographic transition demonstrates the urgent need of setting out public policies for people aged 60 years or more in the region. The prevention at primary care could be the most plausible alternative to avoid future increases in the healthcare cost as a result of a rise of cancer incidence figures

Palabras clave : Demographic transition; population aging; cancer; Latin America and the Caribbean.

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