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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466versión On-line ISSN 1561-3127


HERRERA ALCAZAR, Violeta R  y  TORRES VIDAL, Rosa María. Some components of the health status of the Cuban woman. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.1. ISSN 0864-3466.

This paper was based on statistical data from the existing official statistical information systems. The rate of women in the Cuban population in 2007 was 49.93 %; aging was present since the 60 years and over age group, which represented 9.40% in 1995, rose to 17.11% in 2007. Birth and fecundity rates kept their rising tendency amounting to 10 x 1 000 pop. and 37.3 x 1 000 women aged 15-49 years respectively in 2007. There was a sustained drop in induced abortion rates in the 12-49 years group, from 45.6 x 1 000 women in 1990 to 20.4 x 1 000 women in 2007 as well as high contraception coverage of 77 %. The five first causes of mortality continued to be heart diseases, malignant tumors, cerebrovascular diseases, influenza and pneumonia, and accidents. The incidence of malignant tumors was on the rise and its more frequent location was the breast. Over 80 % of uterine and cervix cancer cases was diagnosed in staging 0, but the number of women diagnosed with this type of cancer in more advanced staging increased. The women accounted for 19.5 % of seropositive cases (HIV/AIDS). The incidence rate of blenorrhagia was higher than that of syphilis (31.8 and 12.7 per 100 000 women respectively) in 2007, being the youngest the most affected. The data provided here allows an approach to the health status of the Cuban women in the last 50 years.

Palabras clave : Health; woman; mortality; morbidity.

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