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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466versión On-line ISSN 1561-3127

Resumen

HERNANDEZ GOMEZ, Lidia C. Presence of the woman in the Cuban public health care. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.1. ISSN 0864-3466.

Since 1959, the National Health Care System passed through different periods in the search for the service improvement that was determined in each stage by the socioeconomic and the scientific-technical development, and by the health picture of the population that has changed as the system has improved. Until 1959, the Cuban women represented 55% of the illiterate people, their employment rate was low, their life expectancy was 63,8 years and the mortality rate of their children was 60 per 1000 live births before the first year of life. After the triumph of the Revolution on January 1st, 1959, the new setting witnessed the particularly favourable change of the situation of Cuban women. They received the benefits of the social policies for the whole population and of those specially made for them. During five decades, the Cuban health care has achieved invaluable achievements that have had a positive impact on the health condition and wellbeing of the population. In addition to being benefited by the national health care system since the very beginning, the Cuban woman has been particularly involved in this process by contributing her knowledge and devoting her efforts to attain these accomplishments.

Palabras clave : Revolution; public health; history; woman; equality; science; Cuba.

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