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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466versión On-line ISSN 1561-3127

Resumen

URRUSUNO CARVAJAL, Florángel  y  RODRIGUEZ FERNANDEZ, Roberto. Child victimization, a health problem in the capitalist social system. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.3. ISSN 0864-3466.

The child victimisation is a complex phenomenon of the society known for centuries. In 1946, UNICEF was created as first international organization to protect childhood, being the basis for the Convention on the Rights of Childhood and subsequently the Summit on the Childhood in 1990. The increased child victimisation is closely linked to the globalization. The child violence is associated to lack of concern by the states regarding legislation and putting into effect laws that protect the infants. This article categorizes some crimes against children as well as different forms of child exploitation (children traffic, infant pornography and child prostitution as well as organ smuggling.) It is stated that in most of the countries, child work is not a way of training but exploitation and violation of the child's rights. Violence is present regardless of sex, race or ethnic origin leading to sexual abuse. Violence against children is present in all the spheres of the capitalist society, being more acute in the Third World countries. The actions undertaken by Cuba, Venezuela and others are examples of the achievements that can be attained in the defense of the children's rights with much political willingness and few resources.

Palabras clave : Child victimization; capitalist social system.

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