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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466


MORAN, Lisandro. The hegemonic anti-state model as a sort of barrier to universal health coverage in Guatemala. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2013, vol.39, n.1, pp.148-153. ISSN 0864-3466.

Washington's consensus of the 90's introduced neoliberal elements at that time, for example, the reduction of the State and its limited function in redistribution, the reduction of the state apparatus and the decrease of social investment in addition to stimulating the demand for private services. These anti-state structural adjustments worsened the conditions leading to the increase of private expenditure in health and the reduction of the public expenditure in health, all of which caused the weakening of the functions played by the ruling health entity and of the institution as such. Under this premise, the postulates of a state capable of guaranteeing the human rights to health care were restricted; however, there is a window of opportunities paradoxically generated by the Second Social Reform in which the World Bank, after failing in reducing poverty, put forward the change of the strategy of "social protection" to the concept of "Social Risk Management" and of the notion "poverty" to "vulnerability". It is possible to potentiate this window through the involvement of the citizenry and the fight for the human right to health care within a social dialogue that allows transgressing the market as the ruling principle of economy and developing public coverage as a foundation of the right to life.

Palabras clave : state; health services; health policy; service coverage.

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