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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466


SILVA AYCAGUER, Luis Carlos; ROJAS OCHOA, Francisco; SANSO SOBERATS, Félix José  y  ALONSO GALBAN, Patricia. Conventional Medicine and Natural and Traditional Medicine: methodological reasons and unreasons. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2013, vol.39, n.3, pp.556-570. ISSN 0864-3466.

The present paper is the first of the two parts showing a set of observations derived from Dr. Jorge Garcia Salman's reply to the article entitled "The debate on Natural and Traditional Medicine and its implications for the public health" published by this journal. The points of convergence with the opinions of Garcia Salman were stated and then an analysis was made on the criteria about the methodological aspects that deserve to be answered. Some criteria to defend the scientific method as a universally accepted process to make contributions to science were offered, and at the same time, the non-systematic use of this process by the Natural and Traditional Medicine was questioned. Some arguments were provided about the clinical experimentation as an intellectual conquest as well as the role of the randomized clinicals trials which provides the deepest and most revealing way of developing criteria about causality in the biomedical processes. Likewise, essential elements on the role of placebo in research were presented. It was concluded that the highest expression of respect to science in general and to Natural and Traditional Medicine in particular, lies in pointing out their occasional errors of which a number of examples was offered.

Palabras clave : Natural and Traditional Medicine; randomized clinical assays; science; pseudoscience; clinical experiments; placebo; ethics; public health.

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