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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466

Resumen

SANCHEZ TARRAGO, Nancy  y  ARRIOLA MARTINEZ, Yudaimys. International epidemiologic surveillance in Cuba, 2009-2011. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2014, vol.40, n.3, pp.317-330. ISSN 0864-3466.

Introduction: the increase of risks for the public health in the last few decades and the coming into force of the new International Health Regulation 2005 strengthen the role of public health surveillance and the mechanisms of timely notification and response. The international epidemiological surveillance is one of the health surveillance components in the Cuban system. Objective: to analyze the behavior of the international epidemiologic surveillance in Cuba from 2009 through 2011. Methods: the analysis of the main public health events collected from the International Epidemiological situation bulletin edited by the National Division of Epidemiology and their fundamental sources of information. Results: in this period, 3 092 articles were published and most of them related to communicable diseases. The main topics were dengue, cholera, influenza A(H1N1) and measles outbreaks, fundamentally in Latin American and African nations, a situation that matched up with the main risks faced in Cuba due to the extended economic, educational and trade cooperation with these countries. The fundamental sources of information for surveillance were news aggregators, Internet-based alert services and institutional sources. Conclusions: the main monitored health events showed the changing international epidemiological situation seen from 2009 to 2011 and the emergence and reemergence of communicable diseases. The Web-based information services and sources, which collect information from the media, are very useful tools for the international epidemiologic surveillance in the national health system.

Palabras clave : epidemiological surveillance; event-based surveillance; Internet; Cuba.

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