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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466


SAETEROS HERNANDEZ, Rosa del Carmen; SANABRIA RAMOS, Giselda  y  PEREZ PINERO, Julia. Imaginary on homosexuality ecuatorian polytechnic students. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2014, vol.40, n.4, pp.299-313. ISSN 0864-3466.

Objective: to analyze the imagery on homosexuality in polytechnical education students. Methods: quantitative-qualitative research with two implementation techniques: an expert-validated questionnaire applied to a selection of single-stage stratified probabilistic sample in which the sexual orientation, whether it is accepted, the knowledge about sexual rights related to sexual orientation and the acceptance of homosexuality or not were under study. As a qualitative technique, focus groups were created; they were then asked whether homosexuality is an in-born or acquired condition to find out the imagery of the polytechnic education students. Statistical processing of texts and analysis of matching of arguments with speeches were performed. Results: the students were mostly heterosexuals, few do not assume their sexual orientation; they showed unfavorable attitudes towards homosexuality, most of them stated that homosexuality should not be accepted, and a significant number of them ignored the rights of sexual diversity. Exist beliefs and myths based on imaginary thoughts indicating that homosexuality arises from negative situations such as problems, disorders or alterations in the biological, hormonal, psychological, family and social environments. None of them speak about homosexuality as a normal behavior or lifestyle, just one group was in favor of respect to and acceptance of homosexuals. Conclusions: the imagery observed in this student population is set on the discrimination of homosexuals, so it is important to implement interventional proposals that have positive impact and clarify knowledge, demystify concepts and encourage attitudes towards reduction of discrimination and the consequent positive assessment of sexual diversity.

Palabras clave : imagery on homosexuality; university students; homophobia.

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