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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión On-line ISSN 0864-3466

Resumen

OCHOA MONTES, Luis Alberto et al. The Research Group on Sudden Death and its results after 20 years . Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2015, vol.41, n.2, pp.298-323. ISSN 0864-3466.

Introduction: sudden death presently represents one of the main challenges for the health care systems worldwide due to high incidence, dramatic presentation and life years prematurely lost as a result of this event. Objective: to describe the background of the creation of the research group on sudden death in Cuba twenty years ago, and to show its most significant results. Methods: a documentary review of the first 20 years of scientific research work performed by the Research Group on Sudden Death in Cuba (1995-2014). Results: twenty four thousand eight hundred and seventy six deaths of natural causes were studied and applied a diagnostic algorithm to document 1 953 events of sudden cardiovascular death accounting for 7.8 % of recorded global mortality. In the studied casuistry, 98.1 % went to 14 municipalities from 11 provinces. The studies showed increased probabilities for this event in patients suffering blood hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus, ischemia, previous myocardial necrosis, smoking, left ventricle thickening, and lipid profile impairment. Conclusions: the creation of the Research Group on Sudden Death allowed in the last twenty years designing and performing scientific research studies aimed at the epidemiological characterization of this health problem in Cuba and those are useful elements to draw up intervention strategies to significantly reduce the incidence and the economic, family and social impact of this event.

Palabras clave : sudden cardiovascular death; incidence; risk groups; sudden death; research; risk profile; prevention.

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