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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión On-line ISSN 0864-3466

Resumen

BETANCURTH LOAIZA, Diana Paola  y  PENARANDA CORREA, Fernando. Upbringing as a fundamental topic for alternative public health care. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2016, vol.42, n.3, pp.470-483. ISSN 0864-3466.

This paper is the result of a research project on upbringing in families living in social inequality and inequity conditions and is aimed to contribute to public health theory. It stated that the hegemonic conventional Anglo-Saxon approach to public health has excluded upbringing as a fundamental area of its praxis. A theoretical argumentation about the relevance of upbringing is created from the viewpoing of a public health that gives a new meaning to health as part of life. An ethnographic method was used with a theoretical development, on the basis of the substantiated relationship among the concepts of upbrinding, health, public health and social Justice. According to this review, it was proved that Anglo-Saxon public health, with the above-mentioned characteristics, does not conceive upbringing as a central category for thinking and acting. Alternative perspectives of public health, which see health as if it was life, facilitate taking upbringing as a favorable process for practice. It is concluded that upbringing, conceived as sociocultural, historical and ontological phenomenon, as well as a public issue, is relevant for public health. It is stated that upbringing demands a transdisciplinary approach of public health that involves conceptualization of science promoting dialogue of know-hows and a dialectic rationality that goes beyond the subject/society and clinical/public health dichotomies in order to respond to the regularities of universality and the contingencies of singularity.

Palabras clave : Upbrinding; health; public health; justice; health education.

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