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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466versión On-line ISSN 1561-3127


BETANCOURT LLODY, Yandy Alberto; DIAZ BERNAL, Zoe  y  CASTANEDA ABASCAL, Ileana Elena. A sensitive gender approach to the transmission of the virus of human immunodeficiency in key populations. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2018, vol.44, n.3, e1180. ISSN 0864-3466.

This research tries to show in its theoretical deductions the multiple gender based differences that can be translated into inequality for populations considered as key, and its determination in the transmission of HIV. It was carried out a review of scientific literature published in national and international journals on the topic from 2007 to 2015. The epidemic of HIV affects in Cuba mainly to people and groups whose sexual practices and identities were historically discriminated against; it suggests enough correspondence for an analysis that allows the understanding of such dynamics that show the differential exposition of those individuals to the infection. Although there is a substantial advance in the topic of gender in many projects and programs for prevention, it is required to deepen in the opportunities for the analysis of inequalities related to gender as a social determinant that can allow understanding and paying attention to the health production processes that determine the risk to be infected. The spreading of the results that are sensitive to the transmission of HIV gender studies in key populations will contribute as supplies for the increasing along the country of a common, integrated and operative theoretical-methodological framework. This would be grasped by the actors that will be involved in the national response for the prevention of HIV transmission.

Palabras clave : Gender; inequalities; HIV; men who have sex with men.

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